Cross linked cornea

There is a significant improvement in the rigidity of the treated cornea (top) compared to untreated cornea (below).

Topographic Guided Laser Surgery

As an addition to collagen cross linking, Laser treatment can be applied to the cornea. This treatment can be customised using the latest technology for each individual cornea. The major irregularities caused by keratoconus can be reduced often improving vision and reducing the requirement to wear contact lenses.



The insertion of Intacs is a surgical procedure. Intacs are clear small, semicircular plastic rings of various thicknesses, which are inserted inside the cornea at its outer edges. The insertion of Intacs or rings flattens the central area of the cornea and corrects myopic refractive errors. A major advantage of Intacs is that no tissue is removed and there is no ablation or incision across the visual axsis. Intacs have proven to stop or slow down the progression of keratoconus, although often glasses or contact lenses will be required.

c trad

A Traditional or Full Thickness Corneal Graft


This is a deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. It is a partial thickness corneal graft. It is a technique that removes only the diseased part of the cornea leaving the healthy part of the cornea intact.

This has the great advantage of reducing the frequency of graft rejection episodes and is associated with less post operative astigmatism and faster visual rehabilitation.

Full Thickness Corneal Graft.

This is called a penetrating keratoplasty. It is the traditional graft technique and is still an option for patients with keratoconus.